At the Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) cybersecurity director, Rob Joyce, said that AI tools, like ChatGPT, will empower hackers. Joyce warns that email inboxes will be a little bit trickier to navigate. He agrees with other experts that the tool won’t necessarily be used to automate constant attacks, but Joyce said that it can optimize workflows and make phishing schemes even harder to detect. Joyce said that hackers who use AI will be more effective and operate better.

We need AI tools in order to stay competitive, and the Intelligence Community (IC) and defense industry supports many AI projects. However, Joyce warns that the AI tools can also increase cyber risks, as the offensive attacks and disinformation campaigns become harder to spot.