The year has passed and with all of the changes in background investigation and security clearance realm it seems apt to label 2019 as the year of security clearance and background investigation reform. Reinvestigations are a thing of the past; Continuous Evaluation (CE) and Trusted Workforce 2.0 are the new buzzwords; the new Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA) took over from the Defense Security Service and National Background Investigations Bureau. All of this occurred while keeping the flow of new security clearance investigations going. The massive amount of planning and coordination needed to pull this off was challenging to say the least, but things seem to have smoothed out and processes are improving. On the adjudication side of the house (posted through the end of October) the Defense Office of Hearing and Appeals heard 1,066 initial DoD clearance denial appeals. Below is a breakdown by adjudicative category of the types of issues involved resulting in initial denial (note – many cases had multiple issues):

Adjudicative Guideline  
Guideline A: Allegiance to the U.S 1
Guideline B: Foreign Influence 135
Guideline C: Foreign Preference 13
Guideline D: Sexual Behavior 20
Guideline E: Personal Conduct 211
Guideline F: Financial Considerations 522
Guideline G: Alcohol Consumption 61
Guideline H: Drug Involvement 75
Guideline I: Psychological Conditions 17
Guideline J: Criminal Conduct 63
Guideline K: Handling Protected Information 14
Guideline L: Outside Activities 2
Guideline M: Use of IT Systems 10
Appeals with a favorable decision 303
Denied appeals 742
Favorable decision reversed 9
Case remanded back to the agency 12

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Marko Hakamaa served in various military police positions with the United States Army worldwide for 22 years before retiring in 2006 as a Master Sergeant. Afterwards, he transitioned into the civilian workforce as a contractor background investigator for the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) before entering civil service as a Security Specialist in 2009.