The Defense Security Service (DSS) provides a variety of counterintelligence and security reports to the defense industry to help agencies and contractors identify targeting trends, threats, incident analysis, and current news. Below are short descriptions of these specific reports and the purpose of each:

Gray Torch

Gray Torch assessments provide detailed analysis of targeting of a specific company’s facilities, product, or personnel using a snapshot (factsheet) of reporting from that company. Snapshots (unclassified) are provided every six months for select companies and the assessment report is provided directly to the company.

Bronze Dragon

The Bronze Dragon team assesses the threat to specific programs (e.g.; a new aircraft, ship, or weapon system with enabling technologies). The Bronze Dragon team provides in-depth classified assessments of the threat posed to that system as it goes through development and testing. These assessments are provided to the government agency or agencies overseeing the program development.

Crimson Shield

The Crimson Shield is a current intelligence report. It is a monthly classified report with articles by DSS analysts that identify threats to technology.

Scarlet Sentinel

Perhaps the most well-known of all the reports, the Scarlet Sentinel is also a current intelligence report produced quarterly; however, it features excerpts from open source reporting, and is therefore, unclassified.

The Counterespionage Branch Analysis Report

The Counterespionage Branch Analysis Report (CEBAR) is a classified quarterly report. It focuses on incidents of potential espionage indicators at cleared facilities.

The Gray Torch and Bronze Dragon products are only disseminated to the specific company or a specific government agency that requested the information. Unclassified products and briefings are posted to a password protected portal (DSS Information Sharing Portal) that resides on the Homeland Security information network hosted by the Department of Homeland Security. This information includes unclassified threat advisories, a cyber activity bulletin, and the Scarlet Sentinel. You can find more information about counterintelligence products and training by going to

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Marko Hakamaa served in various military police positions with the United States Army worldwide for 22 years before retiring in 2006 as a Master Sergeant. Afterwards, he transitioned into the civilian workforce as a contractor background investigator for the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) before entering civil service as a Security Specialist in 2009.